School of GeoSciences

School of GeoSciences


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Nomura, K. & Mitchard, E.T.A. 2018. More than meets the eye: using Sentinel-2 to map small plantations in complex forest landscapes. Remote Sensing, doi:10.3390/rs10111693

Nieto-Quintano, P., Mitchard, E.T.A., Odende, R., Batsa Mouwembe, M.A., Rayden, T., & Ryan, C.M. 2018. The mesic savannas of the Bateke Plateau: carbon stocks and floristic composition. Biotropica, doi:10.1111/btp.12606

McNicol, I.M., Ryan, C.M., & Mitchard, E.T.A. 2018. Carbon losses from deforestation and widespread degradation offset by extensive growth in African woodlands. Nature Communications, doi:10.1038/s41467-018-05386-z

Mitchard, E.T.A. 2018. The tropical forest carbon cycle and climate change. Nature, doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0300-2

Janssen, T.A.J., Ametsitsi, G.K.D., Collins, M., Abu-Bredu, S., Oliveras, I., Mitchard, E.T.A. & Veenendaal, E.M. 2018. Extending the baseline of tropical dry forest loss in Ghana (1984–2015) reveals drivers of major deforestation inside a protected area. Biological Conservation, doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2017.12.004

Kalamandeen, M., Gloor, E., Mitchard, E.T.A., et al. 2018. Pervasive Rise of Small-scale Deforestation in Amazonia. Scientific Reports, doi:10.1038/s41598-018-19358-2

Dargie, G.C., Lawson, I.T., Rayden, T.J., Miles, L., Mitchard, E.T.A., et al. 2018. Congo Basin peatlands: threats and conservation priorities. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, doi:10.1007/s11027-017-9774-8


Ningthoujam, R.K., Balzter, H., Tansey, K., Feldpausch, T.R., Mitchard, E.T.A., et al. 2017. Relationships of S-Band Radar Backscatter and Forest Aboveground Biomass in Different Forest Types. Remote Sensing, doi:10.3390/rs9111116

Roucoux, K.H., Lawson, I.T., Baker, T.R., Torres, D.D.C., Draper, F.C., Lahteenoja, O., Gilmore, M.P., Honorio Coronado, E.N., Kelly, T.J., Mitchard, E.T.A. & Vriesendorp, C. 2017. Threats to intact tropical peatlands and opportunities for their conservation. Conservation Biology, doi:110.1111/cobi.12925

Milodowski, D.T., Mitchard, E.T.A. & Williams, M. 2017. Forest loss maps from regional satellite monitoring systematically underestimate deforestation in two rapidly changing parts of the AmazonEnvironmental Research Letters,

Joshi, N., Mitchard, E.T.A. et al. 2017. Understanding ‘saturation’ of radar signals over forest. Scientific Reports, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-03469-3

Collins, M.B. & Mitchard, E.T.A. 2017. A small subset of protected areas are a highly significant source of carbon emissions. Scientific Reports, doi:10.1038/srep41902

Dargie, G.C., Lewis, S.L., Lawson, I.T., Mitchard, E.T.A., Page, S.E., Bocko, Y.E., & Ifo, S.A. 2017. Age, extent and carbon storage of the central Congo Basin peatland complex. Nature, doi:10.1038/nature21048


Mitchard, E.T.A. 2016. A review of earth observation methods for detecting and measuring forest change in the tropics. Ecometrica Download

De Grandi, E., Mitchard, E.T.A., & Hoekman, D. 2016. Wavelet Based Analysis of TanDEM-X and LiDAR DEMs across a Tropical Vegetation Heterogeneity Gradient Driven by Fire Disturbance in Indonesia. Remote Sensing, 8, 641 doi:10.3390/rs8080641

Pratt, K., Lenaghan, M., & Mitchard, E.T.A.. 2016. Material flows accounting for Scotland shows the merits of a circular economy and the folly of territorial carbon reporting. Carbon Balance & Management, 11, 1. doi:10.1186/s13021-016-0063-8

Avitabile, V., Herold, M., et al. including Mitchard, E.T.A. 2016. An integrated pan-tropical biomass map using multiple reference datasets. Global Change Biology, 22, 1406-1420. doi:10.1111/gcb.13139

Joshi, N.P., et al. including Mitchard, E.T.A.. 2016. A review of the application of optical and radar remote sensing data fusion to land use mapping and monitoring. Remote Sensing 8, 70 DOI: 10.3390/rs8010070


Collins, M.B., & Mitchard, E.T.A. 2015. Integrated radar and lidar analysis reveals extensive loss of remaining intact forest on Sumatra 2007-2010. Biogeosciences, 12, 6637-6653, DOI: 10.5194/bg-12-6637-2015

De Grandi, E.C., Mitchard, E.T.A., Woodhouse, I.H., & De Grandi, G.D. 2015. Spatial Wavelet Statistics of SAR Backscatter for Characterizing Degraded Forest: A Case Study From Cameroon. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Appliced Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 8, 3572-3584, DOI: 10.1109/JSTARS.2015.2420596

Joshi, N.P., Mitchard, E.T.A., Woo, M., Torres, J., Moll-Rocek, J., Ehammer, A., Collins, M., Jepsen, M.R., & Fensholt, R. 2015. Mapping dynamics of deforestation and forest degradation in tropical forests using radar satellite data. Environmental Research Letters 10, 3 DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/10/3/034014

Joshi, N.P., Mitchard, E.T.A., Schumacher, J., Johannsen, V.K., Saatchi, S., & Fensholt, R. 2015. L-Band SAR Backscatter Related to Forest Cover, Height and Aboveground Biomass at Multiple Spatial Scales across Denmark. Remote Sensing 7, 4442-4472 DOI: 10.3390/rs70404442

Milodowski, D.T., Mudd, S.M., & Mitchard, E.T.A.. 2015. Topographic roughness as a signature of the emergence of bedrock in eroding landscapes. Earth Surface Dynamics, 3, 483–499 DOI: doi:/10.5194/esurf-3-483-2015

Milodowski, D.T., Mudd, S.M., & Mitchard, E.T.A.. 2015. Erosion rates as a potential bottom-up control of forest structural characteristics in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. Ecology, 96, 31–38 DOI: doi:10.1890/14-0649.1


Mitchard, E.T.A. et al. 2014. Markedly divergent estimates of Amazon forest carbon density from ground plots and satellites. Global Ecology & Biogeography, 8, 935-946 DOI: 10.1111/geb.12168

Grace, J., Mitchard, E.T.A. & Gloor, E. 2014. Perturbations in the carbon budget of the tropics. Global Change Biology DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12600

Draper, F.C., Roucoux, K.H., Lawson, I.T., Mitchard, E.T.A. et al. 2014. The distribution and amount of carbon in the largest peatland complex in Amazonia, Environmental Research Letters, 9, 12. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/9/12/124017


Mitchard, E.T.A. Saatchi, S.S., Baccini, A., Asner, G.P., Goetz, S.J., Harris, N.L., & Brown, S. 2013. Uncertainty in the spatial distribution of tropical forest biomass: a comparison of pan-tropical maps Carbon Balance and Managment, 8,10 DOI: 10.1186/1750-0680-8-10

Mitchard, E.T.A. & Flintrop, C.M. 2013. Woody encroachment and forest degradation in sub-Saharan Africa's woodlands and savannas 1982-2006. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 368, 1625. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2012.0406

Hill, T.C., Williams, M., Bloom, A.A., Mitchard, E.T.A., & Ryan, C.M. 2013. Are Inventory Based and Remotely Sensed Above-Ground Biomass Estimates Consistent? PLOS ONE DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0074170


Mitchard, E.T.A., P. Meir, C.M. Ryan, E.S. Woolen, M. Williams, L.E. Goodman, J.A. Mucavele, P. Watts, I.H. Woodhouse, & S.S. Saatchi. 2012. A novel application of satellite radar data: measuring carbon sequestration and detecting degradation in a community forestry project in Mozambique. Plant Ecology & Biodiversity, 6, 159-170. doi:10.1080/17550874.2012.695814

Mitchard, E.T.A., S.S. Saatchi, L.J.T. White, K.A. Abernethy, K.J. Jeffery, S.L. Lewis, M. Collins, M.A. Lefsky, M.E. Leal, I.H. Woodhouse, & P. Meir. 2012. Mapping tropical forest biomass with radar and spaceborne LiDAR: overcoming problems of high biomass and persistent cloud. Biogeosciences, 9, 179-191. doi:10.5194/bg-9-179-2012.

Woodhouse, I.H., Mitchard, E.T.A., Brolly, M., Maniatis, D., & Ryan, C.M. 2012. Radar backscatter is not a 'direct measure' of forest biomass. Nature Climate Change, 2, 556-557. doi:10.1038/nclimate1601

Ryan, C.M., Hill, T., Woollen, E., Ghee, C., Mitchard, E.T.A., Cassells, G., Grace, J., Woodhouse, I.H., & Williams, M. 2012. Quantifying small-scale deforestation and forest degradation in African woodlands using radar imagery. Global Change Biology, 18, 243-257. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02551.x

Feldpausch, T.R., Lloyd, J., Lewis, S.L., et al. including Mitchard, E.T.A. 2012. Tree height integrated into pantropical forest biomass estimates. Biogeosciences, 9, 3381-3403. DOI: 10.5194/bg-9-3381-2012


Mitchard, E.T.A., S.S. Saatchi, S.L. Lewis, T.R. Feldpausch, F.F. Gerard, I.H. Woodhouse, & P. Meir. 2011. Comment on 'A first map of tropical Africa's above-ground biomass derived from satellite imagery'. Environmental Research Letters, 6, 049001. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/4/049001

Mitchard, E.T.A., S.S. Saatchi, I.H. Woodhouse, T.R. Feldpausch, S.L. Lewis, B. Sonké, C. Rowland, & P. Meir. 2011. Measuring biomass changes due to woody encroachment and deforestation/degradation in a forest-savanna boundary region of central Africa using multi-temporal L-band radar backscatter. Remote Sensing of Environment, 115, 2861-2873. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2010.02.022

Saatchi S.S., Harris N.L., Brown S., Lefsky M., Mitchard E.T.A., Salas W., Zutta B., Buermann W., Lewis S., Hagen S., Petrova S., White L., Silman M., Morel A. 2011. Benchmark map of forest carbon stocks in tropical regions across three continents. PNAS doi:10.1073/pnas.1019576108

Feldpausch, T.R., Banin, L., Phillips, O.L., et al. including Mitchard, E.T.A. 2011. Height-diameter allometry of tropical forest trees. Biogeosciences, 8, 1081-1106. doi:doi:10.5194/bg-8-1081-2011

Parmentier, I., Harrigan, R.J., Buermann, W., Mitchard, E.T.A., et al. 2011. Predicting alpha diversity of African rain forests: models based on climate and satellite-derived data do not perform better than a purely spatial model. Journal of Biogeography, 38, 1164-1176. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2010.02467.x


Freedman, A.H., Buermann, W. Mitchard, E.T.A., DeFries, R., & Smith, T.B. 2010. Human impacts flatten rainforest-savanna gradient and reduce adaptive diversity in a rainforest bird. PLoS ONE, 5: e13088. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013088


Mitchard, E.T.A., S.S. Saatchi, I.H. Woodhouse, G. Nangendo, N.S. Ribeiro, M. Williams, C.M. Ryan, S.L. Lewis, T.R. Feldpausch, & P. Meir. 2009. Using satellite radar backscatter to predict above-ground woody biomass: A consistent relationship across four different African landscapes. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L23401, doi:10.1029/2009GL040692

Mitchard, E.T.A., S.S. Saatchi, F.F. Gerard, S.L. Lewis, & P. Meir. 2009. Measuring woody encroachment from 1982-2006 along a forest-savanna boundary in central Africa. Earth Interactions, 18: 8. doi:10.1175/2F2009EI278.1

Lewis, S.L., Lloyd, J., Sitch, S., Mitchard, E.T.A., & Laurance, W.F. 2009. Changing Ecology of Tropical Forests: Evidence and Drivers. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 40: 529-549, doi:10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.39.110707.173345


Dorken, M.E. & Mitchard, E.T.A.. 2008. Phenotypic plasticity of hermaphrodite sex allocation promotes the evolution of separate sexes: an experimental test of the sex-differential plasticity hypothesis using Sagittaria latifolia (Alismataceae). Evolution, 62: 971-978. doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2008.00336.x