Hicks L. et al. (2018) Carbon and nitrogen inputs differentially affect priming of soil organic matter in tropical lowland and montane soils Soil. Biol. & Biochem.
Ritchie H, Reay DS, Higgins P (2018) Beyond calories: a holistic assessment of the global food system Front. Sustain. Food Syst. | https://doi: 10.3389/fsufs.2018.00057
Porter S, Reay DS, Bomberg E, Higgins P (2018) Avoidable food losses and associated production-phase greenhouse gas emissions arising from application of cosmetic standards to fresh fruit and vegetables in Europe and the UK Journal of Cleaner Production 869-878, 201
Reay DS, Smith P, Christensen TR, James RH, Clark H (2018) Methane and Global Environmental Change Annual Reviews of Environment and Resources 43, 165-192 | https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-102017-030154
Ritchie H, Reay DS, Higgins P (2018) Potential of Meat Substitutes for Climate Change Mitigation and Improved Human Health in High-Income Markets Front. Sustain. Food Syst. | https://doi.org/10.3389/fsufs.2018.00016
Ritchie H, Reay DS, Higgins P (2018) Quantifying, Projecting and Addressing India’s Hidden Hunger Front. Sustain. Food Syst. | doi: 10.3389/fsufs.2018.00011
Maire J. et al. (2018) Identifying urine patches on intensively managed grassland using aerial imagery captured from Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems Front. Sustain. Food Syst. doi: 10.3389/fsufs.2018.00010
Ritchie H, Reay DS, Higgins P (2018) Sustainable food security in India—Domestic production and macronutrient availability PLoS One
Porter, S., et al. (2018) Production-phase greenhouse gas emissions arising from deliberate withdrawal and destruction of fresh fruit and vegetables under the EU's Common Agricultural Policy Science of the Total Environment 631-632, 1544-1552
Ritchie H, Reay DS, Higgins P (2018) The impact of global dietary guidelines on climate change Global Environmental Change 49, 46-55
Turk J, Reay DS, Haszeldine S (2018) UK grid electricity carbon intensity can be reduced by enhanced oil recovery with CO2 sequestration Carbon Management 1-12
Turk J, Reay DS, Haszeldine S (2017) Gas-fired power in the UK: Bridging supply gaps and implications of domestic shale gas exploitation for UK climate change targets Science of the Total Environment 616-617, 318-325
Cowan et al. (2017) Nitrous oxide emission sources from a mixed livestock farm Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 243, 92-102
Ritchie H & Reay DS (2016) Delivering the two degree global climate change target using a flexible ratchet framework Climate Policy DOI: 10.1080/14693062.2016.1222260
Cowan NJ et al (2016) The influence of tillage on N2O fluxes from an intensively managed grazed grassland in Scotland Biogeosciences 13, 4811-4821
Porter, S., et al. (2016) A half-century of production-phase greenhouse gas emissions from food loss & waste in the global food supply chain Science of the Total Environment 571, 721-729
Paustian, K., et al. (2016) Climate Smart Soils. Nature 532: 49-57
Jones, S., et al. (2016) Drivers of atmospheric methane uptake by montane forest soils in the southern Peruvian Andes. Biogeosciences , vol 9 , no. 12 , pp. 1-31 , 10.5194/bg-2016-16
Bealey, W. J., et al. (2016) The potential for tree planting strategies to reduce local and regional ecosystem impacts of agricultural ammonia emissions. Journal of environmental management 165: 106-116
Porter SD and Reay DS (2015) Addressing food supply chain and consumption inefficiencies: potential for climate change mitigation Regional Environmental Change 10.1007/s10113-015-0783-4
Cowan NJ et al (2015) Spatial variability and hotspots of soil N2O fluxes from intensively grazed grassland Biogeosciences 12, 1585-1596
Case S, McNamara N, Reay DS, Stott A, Grant H, and Whitaker J (2015) Biochar suppresses N2O emissions while maintaining N availability in a sandy loam soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 81, 178-185
Fraser WT et al (2015) Emission of methane, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide and short-chain hydrocarbons from vegetation foliage under ultraviolet irradiation Plant, Cell and Environment, DOI: 10.1111/pce.12489
Bealey WJ et al (2014) Modelling agro-forestry scenarios for ammonia abatement in the landscape. Environmental Research Letters, 9 (12), doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/12/125001
De Nijs P, Berry NJ, Wells GJ, Reay DS (2014) Quantification of biophysical adaptation benefits from Climate-Smart Agriculture using a Bayesian Belief Network Nature Scientific Reports, 4
Cowan NJ et al (2014) Investigating uptake of N2O in agricultural soils using a high-precision dynamic chamber method. Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 7, 8125–8147
Cowan NJ et al (2014) An improved method for measuring soil N2O fluxes using a quantum cascade laser with a dynamic chamber. European Journal of Soil Science 65(5), 643-652. doi: 10.1111/ejss.12168
Angst TE et al (2014) Impact of pine chip biochar on trace greenhouse gas emissions and soil nutrient dynamics in an annual ryegrass system in California. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 191, 17-26
Case S, McNamara N, Reay DS and Whitaker J (2014) Can biochar reduce soil greenhouse gas emissions from a Miscanthus bioenergy crop?. Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 6(1), 76-89
Angst TE et al. (2013) Biochar Diminishes Nitrous Oxide and Nitrate Leaching from Diverse Nutrient Sources. Journal of Environmental Quality, 46(2), 672-682
Reay DS (2013) Ash dieback and British carbon stocks. Atmospheric Environment, 74, 110-111
Rees R et al. (2013) Nitrous oxide emissions from European agriculture; an analysis of variability and drivers of emissions from field experiments Biogeosciences, 10, 2671-2682
Rivard B & Reay DS (2012) Future scenarios of Malawi's energy mix and implications for forest resources. Carbon Management, 3, 357-368.
Mertz et al. (2012) The forgotten D: challenges of addressing forest degradation in complex mosaic landscapes under REDD+. Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography, 112, 63–76.
Reay DS, Davidson EA, Smith K, Smith P, Melillo JM, Dentener F and Crutzen PJ (2012) Global agriculture and nitrous oxide emissions. Nature Climate Change, 2, 410-416.
Case S, Whitaker J, McNamara N and Reay DS (2012) The effect of biochar addition on N2O and CO2 emissions from a sandy loam soil - the role of soil aeration. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 51, 125-134
Bloom AA, Palmer PI, Fraser A and Reay DS (2012) Seasonal Variability of Tropical Wetland CH4 emissions: the role of the methanogen-available carbon pool. Biogeosciences, 9, 2821-2830
Houston K and Reay DS (2011) The Impact of ICT on greenhouse gas emissions: How Green are Virtual Worlds?. Carbon Management 2(6), 629-643.
Reay DS (2011) Climate change education: cutting emissions with a Swiss army knife. Greenhouse Gas Measurement and Management, 1(3-4), 139-141.
Warnatzsch E and Reay DS (2011) Cutting CO2 emissions from the US energy sector: meeting a 50% target by 2030. Carbon Management, 2(1), 23-39.
Galt H and Reay DS (2011) Corn ethanol and associated greenhouse gas emissions in the USA: importance of the nitrous oxide emission factor. Carbon Management, 2(1), 13-22.
Singh BK, Bardgett RD, Smith P, Reay DS (2010) Microorganisms and climate change. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 8, 779-790.
Bloom A, Lee-Taylor J, Madronich S, Messenger DJ, Palmer PI, Reay DS, McLeod AR (2010) Global methane emission estimates from ultraviolet irradiation of terrestrial plant foliage. New Phytologist. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03259.x
Bloom AA, Palmer PI, Fraser A, Reay DS and Frankenberg C (2010) Large-Scale Controls of Methanogenesis Inferred from Methane and Gravity Spaceborne Data. Science, 327, 322-325
Pangala SR, Reay DS and Heal KV (2010) Mitigation of methane emissions from constructed farm wetlands. Chemosphere, 78, 493-499
Rounsevell MDA and Reay DS (2009) Land Use and Climate Change in the UK. Land Use Policy, 26S, S160-S169
Reay DS, Edwards AC and Smith KA (2009) Importance of indirect nitrous oxide emissions at the field, farm and catchment scale. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 133, 163-169
Reay DS, Dentener F, Smith P, Grace G, Feely RA (2008) Global nitrogen deposition and carbon sinks. Nature Geoscience, 1, 430-437. doi:10.1038/ngeo230
McLeod AR, Fry SC, Loake GJ, Messenger DJ, Reay DS, Smith KA, Yun, B-W (2008) Ultraviolet radiation drives methane emissions from terrestrial plant pectins. New Phytologist. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02571.x
McNamara NP, Black HIJ, Chamberlain PM, Piearce TG, Reay DS and Ineson P (2008). The influence of afforestation and tree species on soil methane fluxes from shallow organic soils at the UK Gisburn Forest Experiment. Soil Use and Management 24, 1-7
Reay DS (2007) Does heavier rain mean a bigger sink? Changing nitrogen deposition rates and carbon sink strengths. Nature Reports Climate Change, 4, 54-56.
Reay DS, Smith P, Hymus G and Sabine C (2007) The Changing Role of the Terrestrial Carbon Sink in Determining Atmospheric CO2 Concentrations. Atmospheric Environment 41, 5813-5815
Reay DS, Sabine C, Smith P and Hymus G (2007) Spring-time for sinks: Impacts of climate change and land-use on terrestrial and oceanic carbon sinks. Nature, 446 (7137), 727-728.
McNamara NP, Chamberlain PM, Piearce TG, Sleep D, Black HIJ, Reay DS and Ineson P (2006). Impact of water table depth on forest soil methane turnover in laboratory soil cores deduced from natural abundance and tracer 13C stable isotope experiments. Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies. 42(4), 379-390.
Korbetis M, Reay DS and Grace J (2006) New Directions: Rich in CO2. Atmospheric Environment, 40 (17), 3219-3220.
Reay DS, Smith KA, Edwards AC, Hiscock K, Dong L and Nedwell DB (2005) Indirect nitrous oxide emissions: revised emission factors. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences. 2(2-3), 153-158.
Reay DS, Nedwell DB, McNamara N, Ineson P (2005) Effect of tree species on methane and ammonium oxidation capacity in forest soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 37, 719-730.
Reay DS and Nedwell DB (2004) Methane oxidation in temperate forest soils: effects of inorganic N. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 36, 2059-2065.
Reay DS (2004) New Directions: Flying in the Face of the Climate Change Convention. Atmospheric Environment. 38, 793-794.
Reay DS, Edwards AC and Smith KA (2004) Determinants of nitrous oxide emission from agricultural drainage waters. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus. 4 (6), 107-115.
Reay DS, Smith KA and Edwards AC (2004) Nitrous oxide in agricultural drainage waters following field fertilisation. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus. 4 (2-3), 437-451. Reprinted in: Biogeochemical Investigations of Terrestrial, Freshwater, and Wetland Ecosystems Across the Globe. Wieder RK, Novak M, Vile MA (Eds.) Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordecht, The Netherlands.
Reay DS, Smith KA and Edwards AC (2003) Nitrous oxide in agricultural drainage waters. Global Change Biology. 9(2), 195-203.
Reay DS (2003) Sinking methane: the sinks for the greenhouse gas methane. Biologist. 50(1), 15-19.
Reay DS (2002) Costing climate change. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society series A. 360 (1801), 2947-2962.
Radajewski S, Webster G, Reay DS, Morris SA, Ineson P, Nedwell DB, Prosser JI and Murrell JC (2002). Identification of active methylotroph populations in an acidic forest soil by stable isotope probing. Microbiology, 148, 2331-2342.
Reay DS, Radajewski S, Murrell JC, McNamara N, Nedwell DB (2001) Effects of land-use on the activity and diversity of methane oxidizing bacteria in forest soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 33:1613-1623.
Reay DS (2001). Methane production and consumption in agriculture: is a balance possible? Chemosphere: Global Change Science 2:419-421.
Reay DS, Nedwell DB, McNamara N (2001) Physical determinants of methane oxidation capacity in a temperate soil. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus 1(5/6): 401-414.
Reay DS (2001) New Directions: My Own Private Kyoto. Atmospheric Environment. 35(28): 4887-4888.
Reay DS, Priddle JC, Nedwell DB, Whitehouse MJ, Ellis-Evans JC, Deubert C, Connelly DP (2001) Regulation by low temperature of phytoplankton growth and nutrient uptake in the Southern Ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 219:51-64.
Reay DS, Nedwell DB, Priddle JC, Ellis-Evans JC (1999). Temperature dependence of inorganic nitrogen uptake: Reduced affinity for nitrate at suboptimal temperatures in both algae and bacteria. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 65(6): 2577-2584
Priddle J, Nedwell DB, Whitehouse MJ, Reay DS, Savidge GS, Gilpin LC, Murphy EJ and Ellis-Evans JC (1998). Re-examining the Antarctic Paradox - a view of the Southern Ocean as a nutrient-limited system. Annals of Glaciology, 27: 661-668
Reay DS, Smith P, Van Amstel A (2010) Methane and Climate Change. Earthscan. Includes:
Reay DS (2009) Your Planet Needs You!. Macmillan. ISBN-10: 0330450956
Reay DS, Hewitt CN, Smith KA and Grace J (Eds.) (2007) Greenhouse Gas Sinks. CABI Publishing. Includes:
Reay DS (2007) Climate Change Begins at Home (in Japanese, Korean, and as an e-book). More Details.
Reay DS (2006) Climate Change Begins at Home (Paperback). New foreword by Mark Lynas. More Details.
Reay DS (2005) Climate Change Begins at Home: Life on the Two Way Street of Global Warming. Macmillan. ISBN: 1403945780. Shortlisted for the Times Higher Young Academic Author of the Year. More Details.
Sutton, M et al. (2017) The Indian Nitrogen Challenge in a Global Perspective . In: Abrol et al. Indian Nitrogen Assessment , Elsevier.
Dave S. Reay [lead author], Clare Howard, Albert Bleeker, Pete Higgins, Keith Smith, Henk Westhoek, Trudy Rood, Mark Theobald, Alberto Sanz Cobeņa, Bob Rees, Dominc Moran, Kate Ravilious, Stefan Reis [contributing authors] (2011) Societal choice and the European nitrogen challenge . In: European Nitrogen Assessment, Cambridge University Press.
Patrick Durand, Lutz Breuer, Penny J. Johnes [lead authors], Gilles Billen, Andrea Butturini, Gilles Pinay, Hans Van Grinsven, Josette Garnier, Michael Rivett, David Reay, Chris Curtis, Jan Siemens, Stephen Maberly, Oeyvind Kaste, Christoph Humborg, Roos Loeb, Jeroen de Klein, Josef Hejzlar, Nikos Skoulikidis, Pirkko Kortelainen, Ahti Lepisto, Richard Wright. [contributing authors] (2011) Nitrogen turnover processes and effects in aquatic ecosystems. In: European Nitrogen Assessment, Cambridge University Press.
Reay DS (2010) Night-lights in perspective: British lifestyles in the 18th century and associated greenhouse gas emissions. In: Soupel S, Cope K and Pettit A. The Enlightenment by Night, AMS Studies in the Eighteenth Century, No. 59.
Reay DS, Smith P and van Amstel A (2010) Methane Sources and the Global Methane Budget. In: Methane and Climate Change, p1-14, Earthscan.
Reay DS (2008) The Global Methane Cycle Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change, SAGE Reference
Van de Weg M, Reay DS, Gouriveau F and Grace J (2008). Pollution-swapping: nitrate interception and nitrous oxide production in a constructed wetland in the Scottish Borders. In: Bosch A, Teira MR, Villar JM (eds.) Towards a better efficiency in N use. Editorial Milenio, Lleida (Spain), 531pp.
Reay DS, Paul G (2008) Novel Quantification of Methane Emissions from a Constructed Wetland in the Scottish Borders. In: Crighton K and Audsley R (eds), Land Management in a Changing Environment. SAC SEPA Biennial Conference Proceedings, 4, 183-189
Reay DS and Grace J (2007) Carbon Dioxide: its Importance, its Sources and its Sinks. In: Greenhouse Gas Sinks, CABI.
Reay DS, Smith KA and Hewitt N (2007) Methane: its Importance, its Sources and its Sinks. In: Greenhouse Gas Sinks, CABI.
Reay DS, Hewitt N and Smith KA (2007) Nitrous Oxide: its Importance, its Sources and its Sinks. In: Greenhouse Gas Sinks, CABI.
Reay DS (2007) Greenhouse Gas Sinks: Cross-cutting Issues and New Directions. In: Greenhouse Gas Sinks, CABI.
Reay DS (2007) The Price of Climate Change. In: Royal Society Series on Advances in Earth Science. From Earthquakes to Global Warming. Sammonds PR, Thompson JMT (Eds.) Imperial College Press.
Reay DS (2004) In Full Bloom - Eutrophication and toxic algal blooms in UK waters. In: Seas and Oceans. Lefevre-Balleydier A. Chambers-Harrap, Edinburgh, UK, p.116-117.
Reay DS (2004) Cold Retreat - Climate change impacts on marine biodiversity in UK waters. In: Seas and Oceans. Lefevre-Balleydier A. Chambers-Harrap, Edinburgh, UK, p.118-119.
Reay DS, Smith KA and Edwards AC (2004) Leached N and the nitrous oxide emission factor. In: Controlling nitrogen flows and losses. Hatch DJ, Chadwick DR, Jarvis SC, Roker JA (eds.). Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 354-357.
Nedwell DB, Murrell JC, Ineson P, Reay DS, Radajewski S, McNamara and Morris S (2002) Microbiological basis of land use impact on the soil methane sink: molecular and functional analysis. In: Genes in the Environment. Hails R, Berringer J and Godfray HCJ (eds.). Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
Reay DS (2011) Not so sweet after all?. Nature Climate Change, 1, 174
Molyneaux K and Reay DS (2011) Frozen Archaeology Meltdown. Nature Geoscience, 4 (1), 2
Kemp J, Milne R and Reay DS (2010) Sceptics and deniers of climate change not to be confused. Nature, 464, 673
Reay DS (2009) Inconspicuous Consumption. New Scientist, 2736, 43-47.
Reay DS (2008) Microbes as Climate Engineers Microbiology Today, February Issue, p52
Reay DS (2007) Fish tell the tale without tears. Times Higher Education Supplement, June 8th
Reay DS (2006) Publish and be Damned Wasteful. Times Higher Education Supplement, 1764, p14.
Reay DS (2006) Farmers' Markets: A guilt-free trip to conscientious shopping. Times Higher Education Supplement, July, p13.
Reay DS (2005) Your Planet Needs You: 10 Steps to Saving the Planet. New Scientist, 2516, 36-40.
Reay DS (2005) Caution: Climate Change at Work. Planet Earth, Autumn, 10-11.
Reay DS (2005) Home Truths: Climate Change Impacts and Mitigation (in Italian). KOS: Rivista di medicina, cultura e scienze umane. 236, 62-64. English version at EMBO Science Writing Prize 2004
Reay DS (2004) Climate: Russians face another disappointment. Nature (Correspondence). 431, 739.
Reay DS (2004) The thin green line - thinning and the forest carbon sink. Planet Earth, Autumn, p.29.
Reay DS (2004) Fertilizer ?solution? could turn local problem global. Nature (Correspondence), 427, 485.
Reay DS (2004) To fly or not to fly. Planet Earth, Spring, p.3.
Reay DS (2003) Virtual solution to carbon cost of conferences . Nature (Correspondence), 424, 251.
Reay DS (2003) Vanishing nitrous oxide. Planet Earth, Spring, p.26.
Reay DS (2002) Intensive farming, US-style, is not sustainable worldwide. Nature (Correspondence), 417, 15.
Reay DS (2001) Great Oaks: Forest soils as sinks for methane. NERC News Autumn 8-9.
Reay DS (2016) Climate Science: Denialism deciphered. Nature, 538, 34-35.
Reay DS (2010) Lessons from Climategate. Nature, 467, 157.
Reay DS (2009) Climate Books with Clout. Nature, 461, 1060.
Reay DS (2008) The Fine Life Nature Reports Climate Change, 2, 60.
Reay DS (2008) Climate Change for the Masses. Nature, 452, 31.
Reay DS (2007) A solution that won't cost us the Earth. Times Higher Education Supplement, issue 27 [book review]
Reay DS (2007) A Green Bible for Campus. Times Higher Education Supplement, July 20th [book review]
Reay DS (2007) Endangered species that lacks a competitive edge. Times Higher Education Supplement, 1790, 24-25 [book review]
Reay DS (2006) The Science and Politics of Global Climate Change. Times Higher Education Supplement, 1744, 24, p12 [book review].
Reay DS (2006) A Silent Spring for climate change. Nature, 440, 27-28 [book review].
Reay DS [contributor]. Microbiology and Climate Change. SGM, 2010.
Gaffney O and Reay DS (2009) Reap What You Sow Planet Earth, Summer 2009.
Reay DS [contributor]. The Climate Conundrum. In: Think Darwin, Think Evolution, Think Now. SIBE, 2009, 116pp.
Reay DS [witness]. Climate Change: The "Citizen's Agenda". HC 88-I, Eighth Report of Session 2006-07 - Volume I and II. Author: House of Commons - Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Committee. Publisher: TSO (The Stationery Office).
Reay, Dave (Lead Author); Lori Zaikowski (Topic Editor). 2007. "Nitrous oxide." In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [First published in the Encyclopedia of Earth July 9, 2007.
Reay, Dave (2007) Climate Change: Your Choice. GreenChoices: The UK Guide to Greener Living.
Reay, Dave and Michael Pidwirny (2006) "Carbon dioxide." Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Jay Gulledge and Sidney Draggan. (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [First published September 27, 2006; Last revised September 28, 2006; Retrieved October 06, 2006].
Reay, Dave (Lead Author); Howard Hanson (Topic Editor). 2007. "Greenhouse gases." In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [First published October 18, 2006; Last revised January 3, 2007; Retrieved January 11, 2007].
Reay, Dave (Lead Author); Peter Hughes (Topic Editor). 2006. "Methane." In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [Published November 24, 2006; Retrieved January 11, 2007].
Reay DS (2006) Last Word: The Power of One Reforesting Scotland, Issue 35, p54
Reay DS European Commission?s Green Paper on a Sustainable, Competitive and Secure Energy Policy Scottish Parliament (2006)
Reay DS The Environmental Office HERO (Winter 2005/06)
Reay DS Climate Change Begins at Home The Naked Scientists (2005)
Lander E, Reay D. It takes two ... The Chemical Engineer (772): 22-22 OCT 2005
Reay DS Climate Change Begins at Home Popular Science Review (2005)
Reay D. Colour-coded plants NEW SCIENTIST 170 (2293): 54-54 JUN 2 2001
Reay D. Luminous aphids NEW SCIENTIST 167 (2248): 53-53 JUL 22 2000
Reay D. Martian rethink NEW SCIENTIST 167 (2247): 52-52 JUL 15 2000
Reay D. Damned if you do ... NEW SCIENTIST 166 (2241): 52-52 JUN 3 2000
Reay D. May I fume? NEW SCIENTIST 166 (2238): 53-53 MAY 13 2000
Reay D. Wind power NEW SCIENTIST 166 (2237): 52-53 MAY 6
Reay D. Sonorous athletes NEW SCIENTIST 166 (2235): 51-51 APR 22 2000