Research News

Researchers suggest findings challenge the perception that charcoal income can sufficiently alleviate poverty and say reductions and eventual eliminations of acute multidimensional poverty (AMP) require a concentrated cross-sectional whole-of-government approach.

Land cover and study villages (A–G) in Mabalane district, Gaza province, southern Mozambique (Woollen et al., 2016). Village names are abbreviated. A = Matlantimbuti; B = Sangue; C = Tindzwaene; D = Mavumbuque; E = Mabuapense; F = Hochane; G = Matchele.
Dr Lynne Forrest, from the University of Edinburgh’s Administrative Data Research Centre Scotland, together with researchers from Teesside; and Cambridge universities explore the perspectives of public health professionals (PHPs) and researchers when interacting.
New global datasets describe upper canopy dark respiration (Rd) and temperature dependencies, allowing for characterisation of baseline Rd, instantaneous temperature responses and longer-term thermal acclimation effects.
Gridbox-mean maps of total plant respiration for new processes and imposed climate change.

A study which analysed and assessed how existing policies and approaches in South Asia consider long-term climate change adaptation has now been published in Environmental Science & Policy.  Currently it is unclear what approaches are used in the existing policies to cope with the future climatic changes. The research framework consisted of two components.

The team, which included a researcher from the School of GeoSciences say that a 530-million-year-old fossil contains what could be the oldest eye ever discovered.
Close-up pf tribobite fossil's head.  Credit: Gennadi Baranov, Side view of fossil's right eye.   Credit: Gennadi Baranov, Trilobite fossil. Credit: Gennadi Baranov

Following on from a paper published in the Autumn 2017 issue of The Edinburgh Geologist, Edinburgh GeoScientist, Professor Roy Thompson, was asked to carry out an interview with Canadian based radio station Radio Ecoshock 91 Radio Stations and Growing. 

Offshore oil production for 261 UK fields (1975–2016). Each coloured ‘stripe’ shows a different field. Note the steady fall in both field size and field longevity over time. Buzzard (first oil, 2007) is the only notable exception. Accordingly, recently discovered fields have typically generated <10 million Bbl of recoverable oil with lifespans of <16 years.
Scientists examine the geochemistry of the mantle beneath the Colorado Plateau, USA through noble gas analysis of natural CO2 gases. These gases were collected from surface wellheads from natural CO2 reservoirs, which are similar to natural gas reservoirs but contain CO2 rather than natural gas.
Researchers from the universities of Edinburgh and Strathclyde, in partnership with the National Geosequestration Laboratory (CSIRO) in Australia, have identified the key challenges to using tracers for offshore monitoring, which should be the focus of future research. Their work identified issues such as the potential lifespan of tracer chemicals over long timeframes, tracer behaviour in marine sediments or CO2 bubble streams, possible legal constraints and environmental effects, and how best to sample the tracers.
A study led by GeoSciences researchers from the University of Edinburgh say that new high-resolution maps of the complex landscape beneath a major West Antarctic glacier will be valuable for forecasting global sea level rise.
Researchers from the School of Geosciences use artificial intelligence to combine satellite data and climate records to reconstruct annual maps of forest changes due to deforestation and climate in the Amazon Basin. This was part of a joint collaboration with teams from the University of Edinburgh, and UK National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO) and Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology in China.