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Hutton's Rock

Hutton's Rock

Locality 7: The igneous activity in Holyrood Park produced some associated hydrothermal veining. At Hutton's rock there is a vertical vein containing Hematite, which is also disseminated through the adjacent rock, giving an overall red appearance.

Salisbury Crags were quarried over an extended period (there are records of stone being used for paving in London in 1666). From 1815 to 1819 the extent of quarrying caused public concern, and a court action was raised to test the Earl of Haddington's right to destroy the property that his ancestors had been appointed to keep. In 1831 the House of Lords decided that the Earl had no right to work the quarries. The Earl's office of Heriditary Keeper was purchased by the crown in 1845, following a special act of parliament, and care passed to the Commissioner of Woods and Forests.

The hematite veined rock, which is of no value as a paving stone, was allegedly saved from quarrying by James Hutton (1726-1797).

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