School of GeoSciences

School of GeoSciences

Professor Alexander W. Tudhope

[Research Interests] [Collaborators] [Projects] [Recent Publications]

In the Antarctic

School of GeoSciences,
Grant Institute,
University of Edinburgh,
Kings Buildings,
West Mains Road,
Edinburgh EH9 3JW.
Scotland, U.K.

Phone: +44 (0)131 650 8508
+44 (0)131 650 4842
Fax: +44 (0)131 668 3184

[Back to top]
Research Interests
My current research interests include
  1. The nature, mechanisms and drivers of tropical climate variability and change
  2. The El Niņo Southern Oscillation and interdecadal climate variability in the Pacific
  3. Annually-banded corals as environmental recorders ('coral-palaeoclimatology')
  4. Processes controlling the growth and development of corals and coral reefs. 
Coring a massive Porites coral in Papua New Guinea
Coring a massive Porites coral in Papua New Guinea.

[Back to top]
Some of my main research collaboratons are with researchers at the following institutions

Hadley Centre, UK Met Office
University of Exeter, UK
Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory, Oban
Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University
University of Queensland, St Lucia
Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville
Department of Geological Sciences, University California Santa Barbara
University of Washington, Seattle

[Back to top]
Current and recent research projects
  1. Quantifying variability in the El Niņo Southern Oscillation on adaptation-relevant timescales. Funded by UK NERC for 3 years, 2010-2014. Co-Investigator: Gabi Hegerl (Edinburgh), Project Partners: Mat Collins (Exeter), Simon Tett (Edinburgh), David Battisti(University of Washington), Julie Cole (University of Arizona), Peter Glynn (University of Miami), Stuart Banks (Charles Darwin Foundation), Kim Cobb (Georgia Tech) and Paul Valdes (Bristol). Description: The project involves a combined palaeodata-modelling approach, and includes reconstruction of ENSO and its teleconnections over the past 5,000 years from living and 'fossil' corals in Galapagos, and a major climate modelling component.
  2. Sea level and climate change from geochemical analysis of corals from the Great Barrier Reef: IODP Expedition 325.  Funded bu UK NERC for 1.5 years, 2011-2012.
  3. Improving our ability to predict rapid changes in the El Niņo Southern Oscillation through a combined palaeo-reconstruction and climate modelling approach.  Funded through the UK NERC RAPID Climate Change programme;  co-PI:  Mat Collins, Hadley Centre;  post-doc:  Jo Brown, now at Monash University, Australia; other collaborators: David Battisti, University of Washington, Seattle; Axel Timmermann, Hawaii; Amy Clement, RSMAS, Miami.  The project has involved fieldwork in Papua New Guinea and Galapagos to collect coral cores for climate reconstruction.
  4. Drilling of the Great Barrier reef for sea-lvel and palaeoclimate reconstruction. (Funded by UK IODP for a Site Survey cruise to support an IODP drilling mission in early 2010.  This grant is part of an ESF EuroMARC project entitled ChecREEF;  UK co-PI:  Gideon Henderson;  University of Oxford;  ChecREEF PI:  Gilbert Camoin, CEREGE.
  5. Variability in the El Niņo Southern Oscillation through a glacial-interglacial cycle from analysis of living and fossil corals in Papua New Guinea (NERC funded)
  6. ENSO and decadal climate variability over the past 250 years in the central Pacific from analysis of annually-banded massive corals (NERC funded)
  7. Coral reef community variation and palaeoenvironmental reconstruction in the mid-Holocene, Papua New Guinea (John Pandolfi, University of Queensland, P.I.)

[Back to top]
Some recent publications
  1. Roberts, W.H.G., Battisti, D.S., and Tudhope, A.W., in press.  ENSO in the mid-Holocene according to CSM and HadCM3.  Journal of Climate
  2. Sadekov, A.Y., Ganeshram, R., Pichevin, L., Berdin, R., McClymont, E., Elderfield, H., and Tudhope, A.W., in press.  Palaeoclimate reconstructions reveal a strong link between El Niņo-Southern Oscillation and Tropical Pacific mean state. Nature Communications.
  3. Russon, T.F., Hegerl, G.C., Collins, M., and Tindall, J., 2013.  Inter-annual tropical Pacific climate variability in an isotope-enabled CGCM: implications for interpreting coral stable oxygen isotope records of ENSO.  Clim. Past, 9, 1543–1557, 2013
  4. Hendy, E.J., Tomiak, P.J., Collins, M.J., Hellstrom, J., Tudhope, A.W., Lough, J.M., Penkman, K.E.H., 2012. Assessing amino acid racemization variability in coral intra-crystalline protein for geochronological applications, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (2012), doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2012.02.020 Full Text
  5. Allison, N., Tudhope A.W., and EIMF, 2012.  The skeletal geochemistry of the sclerosponge Astrosclera willeyana: Implications for biomineralisation processes and palaeoenvironmental reconstruction.  Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 313-314 (2012) 70-77. Full Text
  6. Welsh, K., Elliot, M., Tudhope, A., Ayling, B., and Chappell, J., 2011. Giant bivalves Tridacna gigas accurate recorders of ENSO variability.  Earth and Planterary Science Letters, 307 (2011) 266–270. Full Text
  7. Dalbeck, P., Cusack, M., Dobson, P.S., Allison, N., Fallick, A.E., Tudhope, A.W., and EIMF, 2011.  Identification and composition of secondary meniscus calcite in fossil coral and the effect on predicted sea surface temperature.  Chemical Geology, 280 (2011) 314–322. Full Text
  8. Wilson, R., Cook, E., D'Arrigo, R., Riedwyl, N., Evans, M.N., Tudhope, A., Allan, R., 2010. Reconstructing ENSO: the influence of method, proxy data, climate forcing and teleconnections. Journal of Quaternary Science, 25, 62-78. Full Text
  9. Ault, T.R., Cole, J.E., Evans, M.N., Barnett, H., Abram, N.J., Tudhope, A,W., and Linsley, B.K., 2009. Coral-based evidence for intensified decadal tropical climate variability in the late 19th century. Geophysical Research Letters. 36 Article Number: L08602, doi:10.1029/2008GL036924. Full Text
  10. Tanzil, J.T., Brown, B.E., Tudhope, A.W. and Dunne, R.P., 2009. Decline in skeletal growth of the coral Porites lutea from the Andaman Sea, South Thailand between 1984 and 2005. Coral Reefs, 28, 519-528. Full Text
  11. Jones, P.D., Briffa, K.R., Osborn, T.J., Lough, J.M., van Ommen, T.D., Vinther, B.M., Luterbacher, J., Wahl, E. R., Zwiers, F.W., Mann, M.E., Schmidt, G.A., Ammann, C. M., Buckley, B.M., Cobb, K. M., Esper, J., Goosse, H., Graham, N., Jansen, E., Kiefer, T., Kull, C., Küttel, M., Mosley-Thompson, E., Overpeck, J.T., Riedwyl, N., Schulz, M., Tudhope, A. W., Villalba, R., Wanner, H., Wolff, E. and Xoplaki, E., 2009. High-resolution paleoclimatology of the last millennium: a review of current status and future prospects. The Holocene, 19(1), 3-49; DOI 10.1177/0959683608098952. Full Text
  12. D’Arrigo, R., Wilson, R., and Tudhope, A.W.. 2008. Impact of volcanic forcing on tropical temperatures during the last four centuries. Nature Geoscience, published online 21 December 2008, DOI: 10.1038/NGEO393. Full Text
  13. Cusack, M, England, J., Dalbeck, P., Tudhope, A.W., Fallick, A.E. & Allison, N., 2008. EBSD as a tool for detection of coral diagenesis. Coral Reefs, DOI 10.1007/s00338-008-0414-3. Full Text
  14. Brown, J., Tudhope, A.W., Collins, M., and McGregor, H.V., 2008. Mid-Holocene ENSO: Issues in quantitative model–proxy data comparisons. Paleoceanography, 23, Issue: 3 Article Number: PA3202.  Full Text
  15. Brown, J., Collins, M., Tudhope, A.W., and Toniazzo, T., 2007.  Modelling mid-Holocene tropical climate and ENSO variability: towards constraining predictions of future change with palaeo-data.  Climate Dynamics, DOI10.1007/s00382-007-0270-9.  Full text
  16. Pandolfi, J.M., Tudhope, A.W., Burr, G., Chappell, J., Edinger, E., Frey, M., Steneck, R., Sharma, C., Yeates, A., Jennions, M., Lescinsky, H., and Newton, A., 2006. Mass mortality following disturbance in Holocene coral reefs from Papua New Guinea. Geology, 34, no. 11, 949–952; doi: 10.1130/G22814A.1.  Full text
  17. Wilson, R, Tudhope, A., Brohan, P., Briffa, K, Osborn, T. and Tett, S., 2006. 250-years of reconstructed and modeled tropical temperatures. Jour. Geophys. Res., 111, C10007, doi:10.1029/2005JC003188.  Full Text
  18. D'Arrigo, R., Wilson, R., Palmer, J., Krusic, P., Curtis, A., Sakulich, J., Bijaksana, S., Zulaikah, S., Ngkoimani, L.O., and Tudhope, A., 2006.  The reconstructed Indonesian warm pool sea surface temperatures from tree rings and corals: Linkages to Asian monsoon drought and El Nino-Southern Oscillation. Paleoceanography, 21 (3): Art. No. PA3005 AUG 9 2006.  Full text
  19. Brown, J., Collins, M., and Tudhope, A., 2006. Coupled model simulations of mid-Holocene ENSO and comparisons with coral proxy records. Advances in Geosciences, 6, 29-33.  Full text
  20. D'Arrigo, R., Wilson, R., Deser, C., Wiles, G., Cook, E., Villalba, R., Tudhope, A., Cole, J., and Linsley, B.. 2005. Tropical-North Pacific Climate Linkages Over the Past Four Centuries. Journal of Climate, 18, 5253-5265. Full text
  21. Allison N, Finch AA, Tudhope AW, Newville M, Sutton SR, and Ellam RM, 2005. Reconstruction of deglacial sea surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific from selective analysis of a fossil coral. Geophysical Research Letters, 32 (17): Art. No. L17609 SEP 13 2005 Full text
  22. An, S.-I., Timmermann, A., Bejarano, L., Jin, F.-F., Justino, F., Liu, Z., and Tudhope, A.W., 2004. Modeling evidence for enhanced ENSO variability during the Last Glacial Maximum. Paleoceangraphy, 19 (4): Art. No. PA4009 OCT 22 2004 Full text
  23. Marriott, C.S., Henderson, G.M., Belshaw, N.S., and Tudhope, A.W., 2004. Temperature Dependence of d7Li, d44Ca and Li/Ca during growth of calcium carbonate. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 222, 615-624. Full text
  24. Linsley, B. K., Wellington, G. M., Schrag, D. P., Ren, L., Salinger, M. J. and Tudhope, A.W., 2003. Coral evidence for variations in the spatial coherence of South Pacific interdecadal climate variability over the last 300 years. Climate Dynamics, 22 (1), 1-11.  Full text
  25. Tudhope, S., and Collins, M., 2003. Global Change: The past and future of El Niņo. Nature, News and Views, 424, 261-262.  Full Text
  26. Tudhope, A.W., Chilcott, C.P., McCulloch, M.T., Cook, E.R., Chappell, J., Ellam, R.M., Lea, D.W., Lough, J.M., Shimmield, G.B., (2001). Variability in the El Nino-Southern oscillation through a glacial-interglacial cycle. Science, 291, 1511-1517. Full text Abstract Data.
  27. Wild, F.J., Jones, A.C., and Tudhope, A.W. 2000, Investigation of luminescent banding in solid coral: the contribution of phosphorescence. Coral Reefs, 19, 132-140.  Full text
  28. Tudhope, A.W., Buddemeier, R.W., Chilcott, C.P., Berryman, K.R., Fautin, D.G., Jebb, M., Lipps, J.H., Pearce, R.G., Scoffin, T.P., and Shimmield, G.B., 2000. Alternating seismic uplift and subsidence in the late Holocene at Madang, Papua New Guinea: Evidence from raised reefs. Jour. Geophysical Research, Solid Earth, 105, (B6), 13797-13807  Full text
  29. McCulloch, M.T., Tudhope, A.W., Esat, T.M., Mortimer, G.E., Chappell, J., Pillans, B., Chivas, A.R., and Omura, A., 1999. Coral record of equatorial sea-surface temperatures during the penultimate deglaciation at Huon Peninsula. Science, 283, 202-204.  Full text
  30. Guzmán, H.M., and Tudhope, A.W., 1998. Seasonal variations in skeletal extension rate and stable isotopic (13C/12C and 18O/16O) composition in response to several environmental variables in the Caribbean reef coral Siderastrea siderea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 166, 109-118. Full text
  31. Klein, R., Tudhope, A.W., Chilcott, C.P., Pätzold, J., Abdulkarim, Z., Fine, M., Fallick, A.E., and Loya, Y. 1997. Evaluating southern Red Sea corals as a proxy record for the Asian monsoon. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 148, 381-394.  Full text
  32. Matthews, B.J.H., Jones, A.C., Theodorou, N.K., and Tudhope, A.W. 1996. Excitation-emission-matrix fluorescence spectroscopy applied to humic acid bands in coral reefs. Marine Chemistry, 55, 317-332.30.  Full text
  33. Tudhope, A.W., Lea, D.W., Shimmield, G.B., Chilcott, C.P. and Head, S., 1996. Monsoon climate and Arabian Sea coastal upwelling recorded in massive corals from southern Oman. Palaios, 11, 347-361.29.  Full Text
  34. Allison, N., Tudhope, A.W., and Fallick, A.E. 1996. A study of the factors influencing the stable carbon and oxygen isotopic composition of Porites lutea coral skeletons, Phuket, South Thailand. Coral Reefs, 15, 43-57.28.  Full text
  35. Tudhope, A.W., Shimmield, G.B., Chilcott, C.P., Jebb, M., Fallick, A.E., & Dalgleish, A.N., 1995. Recent changes in climate in the far western equatorial Pacific and their relationship to the Southern Oscillation; oxygen isotope records from massive corals, Papua New Guinea. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 136-34, 575-590.  Full text
For further information please contact: