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Morowan Cliff Camp mugshot

Rachel Wood

Professor of Carbonate Geoscience


School of GeoSciences,
Grant Institute,
University of Edinburgh,
Kings Buildings,
West Mains Road,
Edinburgh EH9 3JW.
U.K.

Phone: +44 (0)131 650 6014
Fax: +44 (0)131 668 3184
Email: Rachel.Wood@ed.ac.uk


International Centre for Carbonate Reservoirs (ICCR)


Current Grants:

  • 2010-2013. Petrobras, PI, Geoengineering challenges to improve the recovery of hydrocarbons from carbonate reservoirs (ICCR). With Prof. Pat Corbett (Heriot-Watt) and ICCR team
  • 2010-2013. BG Group, PI, Geoengineering challenges to improve the recovery of hydrocarbons from carbonate reservoirs (ICCR). With Prof. Pat Corbett (Heriot-Watt) and ICCR team
  • 2010-2013. ITF, PI, Micro-WET: Multi-Scale Physics of Carbonates: The Role of Microporosity and Wettability on Fluid Flow. With Drs. Kejian Wu and Rink van Dijke (Heriot-Watt)
  • 2010-2013. NERC, NE/I005935/1, Co-I, Re-inventing the planet: the Neoproterozoic revolution in oxygenation, biogeochemistry and biological complexity. With T.M. Lenton, A. Watson (UAE), N. Butterfield (Cambridge), S. Poulton (Newcastle), G. Shields (UCL), P.Wilby (BGS)


External Activities:

  • 2011-           Panel Member, Royal Society International Exchanges Scheme
  • 2010-           IMF NERC Steering Committee Member
  • 2009-2011    Panel Member, Royal Society International Grants
  • 2008-2010    Editorial Board Member: Encyclopaedia of Coral Reefs: structure, form and function
  • 2006-           Associate Editor, Petroleum Geoscience
  • 2005-           Editorial Board Member, PalaeoWorld 
  • 2010-           Council Member, Edinburgh Geological Society
  • 2006-2009    Council Member, Geological Society of London
  • 2009            Co-Convener: Darwin the Geologist: his legacy, Geological Society of London, Burlington House, London.
  • 2001-2005    Panel Member, Royal Society Dorothy Hodgkin Research Fellowship
  • 2003            Co-Convenor: Geological Prior Information, Royal Astronomical Society


Research Interests:



Education and Appointments:
  • 2012-: Professor in Carbonate Geoscience, University of Edinburgh
  • 2011-: Head of Geology
  • 2011-: Degree Programe Convenor, BSc Hons Geology; M Earth Sci Geology
  • 2010-: Co-Director, International Centre for Carbonate Reservoirs
  • 2009-2012: Reader in Carbonate Geoscience, University of Edinburgh
  • 2006-: Honorary Research Fellow, Heriot-Watt University
  • 2006-2009: Lecturer in Carbonate Geoscience, University of Edinburgh
  • 2001-2006: Principal Research Scientist, Schlumberger Cambridge Research
  • 1994-2001: Royal Society University Research Fellow, Dept. of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge
  • 1990-1994: Research Fellow, Gonville and Caius College, University of Cambridge
  • 1988-1990: NERC Research Fellow, Dept. of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge
  • 1987-88: Royal Society Exchange Research Fellow, Insitut fur Palaontologie, Freie Universitat, Berlin
  • 1983-87: Ph. D, Open University
  • 1980-83: B. Sc. Hons., Geology/Zoology, University of Bristol

Current PDRAS:

Edinburgh:
  • Matt Clarkson: Mass extinctions and the carbon cycle.

Current Ph. D. students:

Edinburgh:
  • Dean Thorpe [Sept 2010-]: Diagenetically-assisted basin modelling in carbonate reservoirs.
  • Aleksandra Hosa [July 2011-]: Modelling calcite cement growth.
  • Sophie Harland [Sept 2011-]: Microporosity and wettability in carbonates.
  • Emmanuel Cedillo [Sept 2012 -]: The geological expression of anoxia: geochemistry, genesis and texture.
  • Amelia Penny [Sept 2013-] The rise of oxygenation and metazoans.
  • Amena Dhawi Juma Mayoof Al Harethi [May 2014-] The evolution of reservoir quality in the Thamama Group, U.A.E.
  • Fred Bowyer[Sept 2014-] Triggering the Cambrian Explosion: Carbon Cycle reorganisation and the rise of Metazoans.


Heriot-Watt:
  • Alessandro Mangionne [2012-]: Basin Modelling in carbonate reservoirs.

University College London:
  • Rosalie Tostevin [2011-]: Carbon and sulphur isotopes across the Neoproterozoic-Cambrian transition and the evolution of biomineralization.

Current Editorships:
  • 2006- Associate Editor, Petroleum Geoscience
  • 2005- Editorial Board Member, PalaeoWorld

Publications - Statistics


Book:
  • WOOD, R.A. 1999. Reef Evolution. Oxford University Press. 414pp.

Edited volumes:
  • JACKSON, P.N.W., PARKES, M.A., WOOD, R.A. (eds.). Studies in Palaeozoic palaeontology and biostratigraphy in
    honour of Charles Hepworth Holland. Special Papers in Palaeontology 67, 260 pp.
  • CURTIS, A. and WOOD, R. 2003. Geological Prior Information: Informing Science and Engineering. Geological
    Society Special Publication
    239, 229 pp.

Refereed papers (in journals or books):


In press:

Published:

2013:
  • CLARKSON, M.O., RICHOZ, S., WOOD, R.A. MAURER, F., KRYSTYN, L., MCGURTY, D.J. and ASTRATTI, D. 2013. A new high-resolution δ13C record for the Early Triassic: insights from the Arabian Platform.Gondwana Research, v. 24, 233-242.
  • VAN DER LAND, C., WOOD, R., WU, K., VAN DIJKE, M.I.J., JIANG, Z., CORBETT, P.W.M, and COUPLES, G. 2013. Modelling the permeability evolution of carbonate rocks. Marine and Petroelum Geology, v. 48, p. 1-7.

2012
  • HILL, J, WOOD, R., CURTIS, A. and TETZLAFF, D. 2012. Preservation of forcing signals in shallow water carbonate sediments. Sedimentary Geology, 275-276, 79-92.
  • WOOD, R. and ZHURAVLEV, A.Yu. Escalation and ecological selectively of mineralogy in the Cambrian Radiation of skeletons. Earth-Science Reviews 115, 249-261.

2011
  • WOOD, R. 2011. Paleoecology of early skeletal metazoans: insights into biomineralization.Earth-Science Reviews 106, 184-190.
  • ROBERTS, J.J, WOOD, R.A. and HASZELDINE, R.S. 2011. Assessing health risks in Italy from natural CO2 leaks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108, 16545-16548.

2010
  • COX, P.A., WOOD, R., DICKSON, J.A.D, SHEBL,H., BU AL ROUGHA, H. and CORBETT, P. 2010. Dynamics of cementation in response to oil charge: evidence from a Cretaceous carbonate field, U.A.E. Sedimentary Geology, 228: 246–254.
  • WOOD, R.A. The general evolution of carbonate reefs, in Encyclopedia of Modern Coral reefs, Ed. Hopley, D. Springer.
  • WOOD, R.A. The Tethys Ocean, in Encyclopedia of Modern Coral reefs, Ed. Hopley, D. Springer.
  • WOOD, R.A. The Permian Capitan Reef, in Encyclopedia of Modern Coral reefs, Ed. Hopley, D. Springer.
  • Barry D. Webby (Coordinating Author) Francoise Debrenne, Willard D. Hartman, S. Kershaw, Pierre D. Kruse, Heldur Nestor, J. Keith Rigby, Baba Senowbari-Daryan, Colin W. Stearn, Carl W. Stock, J. Vacelet, Ronald R. West, Philippe Willenz, Rachel A. Wood, and A. Yu. Zhuravlev. Part E (Revised) Porifera, vol. 4, Hypercalcified Porifera.  Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology.
  • JAMES, N.P., and WOOD, R.A. Reefs and Reef Mounds. In Facies Models, James, N.P., and Walker, N. (eds.)
  • WOOD, R. Taphonomy of reefs through time. In Taphonomy; bias and process through time. Allison, P.A, and Bottjer, D. J. (eds.) 2nd Edition. Topics in Geobiology Vol. 32, 375-409.Springer.
  • WOOD, R.A. Tiering in the late Palaeozoic. Encyclopaedia of the Life Sciences. Wiley.

2009
  • ZHURAVLEV, A. Yu and WOOD, R.A. 2009. Controls on carbonate skeletal mineralogy: global CO2 evolution and mass extinctions. Geology 37: 1123–1126.
  • WOOD, R.A. 2009. Return to the High Table. Book Review, Science, 325: 947 - 948.
  • HILL, J., TETZLAFF, D., CURTIS, A., and WOOD, R. 2009. Modelling Carbonate Supersaturation on carbonate platforms via residence time. Computers and Geology, 35: 1862-1874.
  • WOOD, R. 2009. Reefs and changes in seawater chemistry, in The Biology of Coral Reefs (Ed. C R.C. Sheppard, S. K. Davy, and G. M. Pilling), 352 pp.
2008
  • ZHURAVLEV, A. Yu and WOOD, R.A. 2008. Eve of biomineralization: controls on carbonate mineralogy. Geology 36: 923-926.
  • HASLER, C. A., ADAMS, E. W., WOOD, R. A., and DICKSON, J. A. D. 2008. Fine scale forward modelling of a Devonian patch reef, Canning Basin, Western Australia. Analogue and Numerical Modelling of Sedimentary Systems: From Understanding to Prediction. Eds., de Boer et al. Special Publication 40, IAS. Wiley-Blackwell. 328 pp.
  • PRICE, D., CURTIS, A. and WOOD, R. 2008. Statistical correlation between geophysical logs and extracted core. Geophysics 73: E97-E106.
  • DICKSON. J.A.D., WOOD, R.A., SHEBL, H., and BU AL ROUGHA, H. 2008. Sulfate reduction  associated with hardgrounds: lithification afterburn! Sedimentary Geology 205: 34-39.
  • DUNNE, J.A., WILLIAMS, R.J., MARTINEZ, N., WOOD, R.A., ERWIN, D.H. 2008. Compilation and Network Analyses of Cambrian Food Webs. PLoS Biology 6: e102-107.

2007
  • WOOD, R.A. 2007. The changing fate of coral reefs: lessons from the deep past. In Aronson, R.B. (ed). Geological Approaches to Coral Reef Ecology. Springer Verlag, New York. pp. 3-27.
  • WOOD, R.A. 2007. Frasnian and Famennian Canning Basin Reefs, Western Australia. In VENNIN, E. et al. (eds). Facies from Paleozoic reefs and bioaccumulations. Publications Scientifique du Museum, Paris.
2006
  • KERSHAW, S., WOOD, R. & GUO, L. 2006. Stromatoporoid response to muddy substrates in Silurian limestones.GFF 128: 131-138.
2005
  • HILL, J., CURTIS, A., WOOD, R. and TETZLAFF, D.  2005. Modelling complexity in carbonates. Proceedings of Mathematical Geology
2004
  • WOOD, R. 2004. Palaeoecology of a post-extinction reef: the Famennian of the Canning Basin, Western Australia.Palaeontology, 47: 415-44
  • KAYSER, A., GRAS, R., CURTIS, A. & WOOD, R. 2004: New Way to Visualize Internal Rock Structures.Offshore Magazine, August Issue, pp. 129-131.
  • BADDELEY, M., CURTIS, A. and WOOD, R. 2004. Herding in an uncertain world: the role of prior information, pp. 15-27. In, Curtis, A. and Wood, R. (eds.), Geological Prior Information , Geolological Society of London, Special Publication, v. 239.
  • CURTIS, A. and WOOD, R. 2004. Optimal elicitation of prior information from experts. pp. 127-145. In, Curtis, A. and Wood, R. (eds.), Geological Prior Information , Geolological Society of London, Special Publication, v. 239.
  • WOOD, R. and CURTIS, A. 2004. Solving Geoscientific Problems Using Geological Prior Information. pp. 1-13. In, Curtis, A. and Wood, R. (eds.), Geological Prior Information, Geolological Society of London, Special Publication, v. 239.
2002
  • WOOD, R. A. 2002. Sponges. In SMITH, A.B. (ed.): Fossils of the Chalk, p. 25-41 Palaeontological Association Field Guide no. 2, 374pp.
  • FORSYTHE, G.T.W, WOOD, R.A., and DICKSON, J.A.D. 2002. Mass spawning in ancient reef communities: evidence from Late Paleozoic phylloid algae. Palaios 17: 615-621.
  • WOOD, R.A., GROTZINGER, J.P. and DICKSON, J.A.D. 2002. Proterozoic modular biomineralized metazoan from the Nama Group. Science 296: 2383-2386.
  • WOOD, R.A. 2002. Predation in ancient reef-builders. In Kelley, P. H, Kowalewski, M., and Hansen, T.A. (eds.),pp. 33-53. Predator-Prey Interactions in the Fossil Record, Topics in Geobiology, volume 20. Klewer Press, New York, 464 pp.
2001
  • WOOD, R.A., and GROTZINGER, J.P. 2001. The rise of clonality in early skeletal metazoans. American Zoologist, 41: 1629.
  • WOOD, R.A. 2001. Tiering in the late Palaeozoic. Macmillan Encyclopaedia (Electronic publication).
  • WOOD, R.A. 2001. Archaeocyatha. MacGaw Encyclopaedia (Electronic publication).
  • WOOD, R.A. 2001. Evolution of reefs. p. 57-62. In Briggs, D.E.G., and Crowther, P.R. Palaeobiology II. 583 pp.
  • WOOD, R.A. 2001. Are reefs and mud-mounds really so different? Sedimentary Geology 145: 161-171.
  • WOOD, R.A. 2001. Biodiversity and the history of reefs. Geological Journal 36: 251-263.
2000
  • ZHURAVLEV, A. Yu., WOOD, R.A., PRATT, B.R. and SPINCER, B. 2000. Lower Cambrian reef ecology. In ZHURAVLEV, A. Yu. and RIDING, R. (eds.): Advances in Cambrian Ecology. Columbia University Press.
  • WOOD, R.A. 2000. Paleoecology of the Capitan reef. In SALLER, A.H., HARRIS, P.M., KIRKLAND, B.L., and MAZZULLO, S. (eds.): Geological Framework of the Capitan Reef. SEPM Special Publication, 65: 129-137.
  • WOOD, R.A. and OPPENHEIMER, C. 2000. Spur-and-groove morphology from a Late Devonian reef. Sedimentary Geology 133: 185-193.
  • de WET, C.B., DICKSON, J.A.D., WOOD, R.A., and GASWIRTH, S.B. 2000. A new type of shelf margin deposit: rigid microbial sheets and unconsolidated grainstones with meter-scale cavities. Sedimentary Geology 128: 13-21.
  • WOOD, R.A. 2000. Novel paleoecology of a post-extinction reef: the Famennian (Late Devonian) of the Canning Basin, Northwestern Australia. Geology 28: 987-990.
  • WOOD, R.A. 2000. Palaeoecology of a Late Devonian back reef: Windjana Gorge, Canning Basin, Western Australia. Palaeontology 43: 671-703.
1998
  • WOOD, R.A. 1998. The ecology of Lower Cambrian reefs. In KNOWLTON, N. and McINTYRE, I.N. (eds.): Proceedings of the 8th International Coral Reef Symposium, Panama. 2: 1631-1636.
  • WOOD, R.A. 1998. The importance of the cryptos in ancient reefs. In KNOWLTON, N. and McINTYRE, I.N. (eds.): Proceedings of the 8th International Coral Reef Symposium, Panama 2: 1687-1692.
  • WOOD, R.A. 1998.The ecological evolution of reefs. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 29: 179-206.
  • WOOD, R.A. 1998. Novel reef fabrics from the Devonian Canning Basin, Western Australia. Sedimentary Geology 121: 149-156.
  • KIRKLAND, B., DICKSON, J.A.D., WOOD, R.A., and LAND, L.S. 1998. Microbialite and microstratigraphy: The origin of encrustations in the Capitan Formation, Guadalupe Mountains, Texas and New Mexico. Journal of Sedimentary Petrography 68: 956-969.
1997
  • DICKSON, J.A.D., WOOD, R.A. and KIRKLAND-GEORGE, B. 1997.Exceptional preservation of the calcified spongeFissispongia tortacloaca from the Pennsylvanian Holder Formation, New Mexico. Palaios 11: 559-570.
1996
  • LINDSAY, J., BRASIER, M.D., DORJNAMJAA, R., GOLDRING, R., KRUSE, P. and WOOD, R. 1996. Facies and sequence controls on the appearance of the Cambrian biota in southwestern Mongolia: implications for the Precambrian-Cambrian boundary. Geological Magazine 133: 417-428.
  • KRUSE, P.D., GANDIN, A., DEBRENNE, F. and WOOD, R. 1996. Early Cambrian bioconstructions from the Zavkhan Basin, western Mongolia. Geological Magazine 133: 429-444.
  • WOOD, R.A., DICKSON, J.A.D., and KIRKLAND, B. 1996. New observations on the ecology of the Permian Capitan Reef, Texas and New Mexico. Palaeontology 39: 733-762.
1995
  • ZHURAVLEV, A.Yu. and WOOD, R.A. 1995. Lower Cambrian reefal cryptic communities. Palaeontology 38: 443-470.
  • WOOD, R.A. 1995. The changing biology of reef-building. Palaios 10: 517-529.
  • ZHURAVLEV, A. Yu. and WOOD, R.A. 1995. Anoxia as the cause of the late Early Cambrian extinction. Geology 24: 311-314.
1994
  • WOOD, R.A., DICKSON, J.A.D., and KIRKLAND-GEORGE, B. 1994. Turning the Capitan Reef upside down: a new appraisal of the ecology of the Permian Capitan Reef, Guadalupe Mountains, Texas and New Mexico. Palaios 9: 422-427.
1993
  • WOOD, R.A., ZHURAVLEV, A. Yu. and TSEREN, C. 1993. The ecology of early Cambrian buildups from Zuune Arts, Mongolia: implications for early metazoan reef evolution. Sedimentology 40: 829-858.
  • WOOD, R.A. 1993. Nutrients, predation and the history of reef-building. Palaios 8: 526-543.
  • RIGBY, J.K., BUDD, G., WOOD, R.A. and DEBRENNE, F. 1993. Porifera. In BENTON, M. (ed.): The Fossil Record, p. 71-99.Chapman and Hall, London, 845pp.
1992
  • WOOD, R., ZHURAVLEV, F. and DEBRENNE, F. 1992. Functional biology and ecology of the Archaeocyatha.Palaios 7: 131-156.
  • WOOD, R.A., EVANS, K.R. and ZHURAVLEV, A. Yu. 1992. A new post-early Cambrian archaeocyath from Antarctica. Geological Magazine 129: 491-495.
1991
  • WOOD, R.A. 1991. Non-spicular biomineralization in calcified demosponges. In REITNER, J. and KEUPP, H. (eds.): Fossil and Recent sponges, p. 322-340. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 595pp.
  • WOOD, R.A. 1991. Problematic reef-building sponges. In SIMONETTA, A. and CONWAY MORRIS, S. (eds.): The early Evolution of Metazoa and the  significance of problematic taxa, p. 113-124. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 296pp.
1990
  • ZHURAVLEV, A.Yu., DEBRENNE, F. and WOOD, R. 1990. A synonymised nomenclature for calcified sponges. Geological Magazine 127: 543-545.
  • DEBRENNE, F. and WOOD, R. 1990. A new Cambrian sphinctozoan from North America and the nature of early sphinctozoans.Geological Magazine 127: 445-451.
  • WOOD, R., COPPER, P. and REITNER, J. 1990. "Spicules" in halysitids: a reply. Lethaia 23: 113-114.
  • WOOD, R. 1990. Reef-building sponges. American Scientist 78: 224-235.
  • WOOD, R.A. 1990. The placing of Mesozoic stromatoporoids within the Porifera. In RUETZLER, K. (ed.):New perspectives in Sponge Biology, p. 25-31. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., 533pp.
1989
  • WOOD, R., REITNER, J. and WEST, R. 1989. Systematics and phylogenetic implications of the haplosclerid stromatoporoid Newellia mira nov. gen. Lethaia 22: 85-93.
1988
  • WOOD, R.A. and REITNER, J. 1988. The Upper Cretaceous "chaetetid" demosponge Stromatoaxinella irregularis nov. gen.(MICHELIN) and its systematic implications. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Palaontologie, Abhandlungen 177: 213-224.
1987
  • WOOD, R.A. 1987. Sponges. In SMITH, A.B. (ed.): Fossils of the Chalk, p. 15-29. Palaeontological Association Field Guide no. 2, 306pp.
  • WOOD, R.A. 1987. Biology and revised systematics of some late Mesozoic stromatoporoids. Special Papers in Palaeontology 37: 1-89.
1986
  • WOOD, R.A. and REITNER, J. 1986. Poriferan affinities of Mesozoic stromatoporoids. Palaeontology 29: 469-473.

Patents:

  • WOOD, R., CURTIS, A. and KAYSER, A. 2004. A classification method for sedimentary rocks. [For carbonates, uses x-ray micro-tomography and SEM data]. Granted July 2006.
  • WOOD, R. 2006. Method for extraction of depositional and diagenetic data from wireline logs.
  • WOOD, R. 2009. Method of interpreting well data.
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